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Asimina triloba: cultivation and properties

Asimina triloba: cultivation and properties


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ThereAsimina triloba plantit is native to Southeast Canada and the eastern part of the USA. In Italy it is possiblecultivateand is found in the best-stocked nurseries. Let's talk about a little onefruit treeof the Annonaceae family. Therecultivation ofAsiminia trilobain our country has aroused some interest forpropertyattributed to its fruit.

The asimina triloba is a sapling known aspow powormountain banana.

Asimina triloba: properties of the fruit

Asiminia triloba ormountain banana produces a fruit with a juicy pulp and rich inpropertynutritional. The pulp provides a good number of micronutrients: vitamins and mineral salts. The fruit is known for providing a fair amount of vegetable protein.

We are talking about a cylindrical shaped fruit, with dimensions ranging from 6 to 18 cm and 3 to 8 cm wide. Depending on the variety and the crop, the size can vary from 50 to 400 grams.

The fruit is known by the names of pawpaw or paw pawor, here in Italy,mountain bananafor the plant's ability to adapt to the cold.

Paw paw: asimina triloba nutritional properties of the fruit

The property nutritional values ​​reported here are taken from an analysis onpawpaw conducted by Pennsylvania State University.

  • Carbohydrates: 18.8 g
  • Fat: 1.2 g
  • Proteins: 1.2 g
  • Vitamin A equiv .: 87 μg
  • Thiamine: 0.01 mg
  • Niacin: 1.1 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.09 mg
  • Vitamin C: 18.3 mg
  • Calcium: 63 mg
  • Magnesium: 113 mg
  • Iron: 7 mg
  • Manganese: 2.6 mg
  • Phosphorus: 47 mg
  • Potassium: 345 mg
  • Zinc: 0.9 mg

100 grams of mountain banana provides 80 calories.

Asimina triloba: cultivation

For thecultivation of Asimina trilobathe crucial factor is pollination. Growers of thisfruit plantthey often resort to pollination by hand or using "attractors" for pollinating insects.

This fruit is suitable fororganic cultivation: the plant is rustic and resistant to diseases, with good management of thecultivationyou will not need to use pesticides.

It can also be grown in northern Italy: the plant resists the cold well. Despite being a tropical fruit, it offers good yields even when grown in Europe. Its dimensions do not go beyond 5 meters.

As a sixth plant, it is recommended to leave a space of 2.5 meters from one plant to the other. There are very few self-fertile varieties, as stated, in most cases pollination is a crucial factor for the production of the fruit and so it is recommended to cultivateand planting different varieties.

How to grow asimina triloba

As stated, the plant is easycultivationand requires no detailscare. At the time of planting, it is better to keep a soil with neutral or su-acid pH. The plant grows well and bears fruit on soils with a pH reaction between 5.5 and 7.5.

It cannot stand calcareous soils and for this reason irrigation with hard water (water rich in limestone) is not recommended.

Once the plant has been purchased from the nursery, it must be planted with extreme care. The roots are very fragile to mechanical stress. Be careful not to hit them during implantation.

Due to the radical fragility, we do not recommend purchasing the plant from nurseries that offer it with "bare root". Once bought in pots, strongly irrigate the clod of water and plant the plant in a hole of adequate size. Avoid moving the roots.

When to plant Asimina triloba?

In autumn, it is during this period that you can buy it at the best-supplied nurseries. Be sure to plant it in a hole with sufficiently worked and soft soil so as to facilitate the insertion of the root system.

L'Asimina triloba is a poisonous plant

The only partedibleof the plant are the fruits. Leaves, branches and seeds are toxic due to the presence of acetogenins.

Acetogenins are a family of compounds with antimitotic action (they hinder mitosis, i.e. cell division). The seeds, if chewed and swallowed, can be toxic and trigger abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea and other reactions based on subjective tolerability.

When ingested whole, iseeds of asimin trilobathey have no effect. The reason? The outer integument of the seed is immune to gastric juices and other digestive enzymes, so the seed passes through the digestive system intact without triggering toxic effects.


Video: Paw Paw Tree - Asimina triloba - How to eat a Paw-Paw and harvest seeds (May 2022).